Part 9, "The Arbiter of Knowing"
The ultimate goal of the process -- not the "method" (it must be emphasized), but the process -- Jung lays out for knowing the Self is to develop the "arbiter" Job found lacking early in his God encounter, but later, in the end, developed:
"I have been holding forth on matters I cannot understand, on marvels beyond me and my knowledge . . . . I knew you then [Yahweh] only by hearsay; but now, having seen you with my own eyes, I retract all I have said, and in dust and ashes I repent." (Job 42:3-6)
Because of this confession, Yahweh elevates Job to the position of His "servant . . . [who] offers prayers for those against whom He "burns with anger" and to whom He "will listen with favor and excuse [their] folly." (Job 42:8) Notice, however, that the decisive event in Job's elevation to his new status is the seeing of God and not the merging with Him, as taught in most Eastern philosophies. One cannot serve God if one "merges" with Him. Here the goal is to see and be seen by Him, to develop a reciprocal relationship in which God and the Ego strike a bargain that the former will not annihilate the latter if the latter keeps its distance, but assists the former in its drive for consciousness and, thereby, unity with itself. In this regard, Edinger writes:
"The . . . function of knowing or seeing requires first of all that undifferentiated, diffuse experience be split into a subject and object, the knower and the known . . . Each time the ego falls into an unconscious content it can become conscious of it only by an act of separation that allows the ego to see the emerging psychic content and thus become disidentified from it . . . To be able to climb out of the misery of raw being into the status of a knowing subject is a part of the meaning of consciousness and at times can be a salvation. The experience of being the knowing subject, however, is only one half of the process of knowledge. The other half is the experience of being the known object. To achieve authentic consciousness the ego must also go through the experience of being the object of knowledge, with the function of the knowing subject residing in the Other." (Edward F. Edinger, The Creation of Consciousness: Jung's Myth for Modern Man, p. 37, 41)
It is through this process of "knowing and being known" -- of seeing and being seen -- that the Auseinandernzetsung takes place, and the "arbiter" Job speaks of can be forged in the iron furnace of that numinous encounter. Moreover, it is in the dream that the parameters of such reciprocity are laid out for the transpersonal Self and the personal Ego to follow: the former instructs the latter in dreams, and the latter follows those instructions in waking consciousness. For that reason, our goal should not be to "understand" what the dream means, but rather what the Self is saying to us in it.